CakePHP SplFileInfo::openFile(../tmp/cache/..) failed to open stream: Permission denied

You need to configure CakePHP to create the cachefiles with the right permissions.

You do this with setting 'mask' => 0666 in file app.php for the Cache setting:

// file src/config/app.php (AND app.default.php!)
     * Configure the cache adapters.
    'Cache' => [
        'default' => [
            'className' => 'Cake\Cache\Engine\FileEngine',
            'path' => CACHE,
            'url' => env('CACHE_DEFAULT_URL', null),
            'mask' => 0666,


       '_cake_core_' => [
            'mask' => 0666,
       '_cake_model_' => [
            'mask' => 0666,
       '_cake_routes_' => [
            'mask' => 0666,


Docker Ubuntu cron doesn’t work

Most probably:

  • cron service is not running
  • your cron-file in /etc/cron.d is not in file mode 0600
  • your cron-file in /etc/cron.d is not owned by root

To fix the above:

service cron start
chmod 0600 /etc/cron.d/<your file>
chown root /etc/cron.d/<your file>

If that does not work, install rsyslog on your container and debug:

apt-get update; apt-get install -y rsyslog

Now keep track of your /var/log/syslog file. It will log all issues it receives from cron.

I found the answer here:

Install Docker on Ubuntu 20.04

That’s an easy and quick think to do!

sudo apt update
sudo apt install

# start docker now, and on system reboot
sudo systemctl start docker
sudo systemctl enable docker

# check the version
docker --version
  Docker version 19.03.8, build afacb8b7f0

Don’t forget to add your user to the docker group, otherwise you’ll get permission denied errors

docker ps
  Got permission denied while trying to connect to the Docker daemon socket at unix:///var/run/docker.sock: Get http://%2Fvar%2Frun%2Fdocker.sock/v1.40/containers/json: dial unix /var/run/docker.sock: connect: permission denied

To add your account to the docker group:

sudo usermod -a -G docker paul

Don’t forget to logout and login again!

Typescript: Not all constituents of type ‘boolean | (() => void)’ are callable

The full error:

This expression is not callable.  Not all constituents of type 'boolean | (() => void)' are callable.    Type 'false' has no call signatures.  TS2349

This is the code that was triggering the error:

export const useLoading = (defaultValue: boolean = false) => {
    const [loading, setLoading ] = useState(defaultValue)

    const startLoading = () => setLoading(true)
    const stopLoading = () => setLoading(false)

    return [

CAUSE: the return of the array. Having arrays without a specific type gave me this error as wel: Line 0: Parsing error: : Cannot read property ‘map’ of undefined. The solution was to typehint the array.

SOLUTION: don’t return the array just like that, add ‘as const` at the end of that return statement.

export const useLoading = (defaultValue: boolean = false) => {
    const [loading, setLoading ] = useState(defaultValue)

    const startLoading = () => setLoading(true)
    const stopLoading = () => setLoading(false)

    return [
    ] as const

This is the post that showed me where to find it:

Line 0: Parsing error: : Cannot read property ‘map’ of undefined

the error displayed: Cannot read property 'map' of undefined

If you’re using React and typescript, try these few actions:

  1. Reinstall the dependencies: rm -rf node_modules; yarn install
  2. Remove the cache that’s inside the build directory: remove the build directory and restart the node service
  3. This did it for me (and Trat Westerholt) : don’t type your variables/constants as ‘bare’ arrays:

This failed:

// don't do this - a 'bare' array as type
const customers: [] = []

SOLUTION: It was fixed by:

// add a type to the array
const customers: string[] = []

Add typescript to your React project

If you’re working with a Create React App (CRA) and you want to add typescript to it, run the following command:

yarn add \
  typescript \
  @types/node \
  @types/react \
  @types/react-dom \

Now, change the file you want to use typescript in to have the extension .tsx

Add toast messages to your React app

It’s nice to have good looking messages in your app. You can have this too with react-toastify.

react-toastify example

To have these toast messages in your app, do the following:

yarn add react-toastify

Then, in your toplevel file (sth like index.js or App.js, etc.);

import React from 'react';

  import { ToastContainer, toast } from 'react-toastify';
  import 'react-toastify/dist/ReactToastify.css';
  function App(){
    const notify = () => toast("Wow so easy !");

    return (
        <button onClick={notify}>Notify !</button>
        <ToastContainer />

NGINX is not showing PHP 500 error log (nor does php-fpm)


I received a 500-error on my API request to a PHP backend. The result was returned as a 500 html status.

When searching the logs, there was no mention of this 500 error, other than in the access log of nginx.

Where does nginx or php-fpm put the backtrace of PHP errors?


Turns out, you need to enable catch_workers_output = yes in your www.conf file, typically located over at /etc/php/7.4/fpm/pool.d/

# file /etc/php/7.4/fpm/pool.d/www.conf
catch_workers_output = yes

The comments above that line explains it pretty well:

; Redirect worker stdout and stderr into main error log. If not set,
; stdout and stderr will be redirected to /dev/null according to
; FastCGI specs.
; Note: on highloaded environement, this can cause some delay in
; the page process time (several ms).
; Default Value: no

Add multiple languages to your React app with i18next

Install the needed packages

Install i18next

yarn add i18next \
  react-i18next \
  i18next-http-backend \


Add Suspense

Wrap your code with <Suspense /> like the following:

// file: src/index.js
    <Suspense fallback="loading">
                <Route component={App}/>

Initializing i18next in your app

Place the following initilisation code in a file i18n.js

// file: ./js/helpers/i18n.js
import i18n from "i18next";
import { initReactI18next } from "react-i18next";
import Backend from 'i18next-http-backend'
import LanguageDetector from 'i18next-browser-languagedetector'

  .use(initReactI18next) // passes i18n down to react-i18next
    fallbackLng: 'en',
    debug: false,

    backend: {
      loadPath: '/locales/{{lng}}.json',
      // path to post missing resources
      addPath: '/locales/add/{{lng}}.json',

    interpolation: {
      escapeValue: false, // not needed for react as it escapes by default

export default i18n;

The parser

Add the config file in your root directory: ./i18next-parser.config.js

This will:

  • put the translatable strings inside ./public/locales/<language>.json
  • support en and nl countrycodes for language
  • use the key (the translatable string) as the translation when a new translatable string is found
// file: ./i18next-parser.config.js
module.exports = {
  // see below for more details
  lexers: {
    // hbs: ['HandlebarsLexer'],
    // handlebars: ['HandlebarsLexer'],

    htm: ['HTMLLexer'],
    html: ['HTMLLexer'],

    // mjs: ['JavascriptLexer'],
    js: ['JavascriptLexer'], // if you're writing jsx inside .js files, change this to JsxLexer
    ts: ['JavascriptLexer'],
    jsx: ['JsxLexer'],
    tsx: ['JsxLexer'],

    default: ['JavascriptLexer']

  locales: ['en', 'nl'],
  // An array of the locales in your applications

  output: 'public/locales/$LOCALE.json',
  // output: 'locales/$LOCALE/$NAMESPACE.json',
  // Supports $LOCALE and $NAMESPACE injection
  // Supports JSON (.json) and YAML (.yml) file formats
  // Where to write the locale files relative to process.cwd()

  useKeysAsDefaultValue: true,
  // Whether to use the keys as the default value; ex. "Hello": "Hello", "World": "World"
  // This option takes precedence over the `defaultValue` and `skipDefaultValues` options

  verbose: true,
  // Display info about the parsing including some stats

Scan the code for translatable strings

Install the scanner application with npm.

npm install -g i18next-parser

Assuming that you placed the config file in the root of your project (i18next-parser.config.js), run the following command:

i18next --config ./i18next-parser.config.js \
    'src/**/*.js' \

--config provide the path to your config. In this example it is not needed as the configuration has the default name and is in the default location
src/**/*.js provide the glob which finds all your *.js files. Add what you need (.ts, .jsx, etc.)
!src/js/bootstrap.min.js an example of how to exclude a certain file

Now you can find the translatable strings in the following files: ./public/locales/<language>.json

Change the language in the application

Change the language with i18next

// file: ./index.js
import './js/helpers/i18n'
import i18next from 'i18next'


// change the language