Git remove local branches that don’t exist remote

Use the following to have the branches displayed before you’re asked to delete them.

branches=$(git branch -r | awk '{print $1}' \
  | egrep -v -f /dev/fd/0 <(git branch -vv | grep origin) \
  | awk '{print $1}' | xargs); \
printf '\n\nBranches to be removed:\n---\n'; \
echo ${branches} | xargs -n1; \
printf '---\n\nRemove the branches above? [Ny] ' \
    &&  read shouldDelete \
    && [[ "${shouldDelete}" =~ [yY] ]] \
      && echo $branches | xargs git branch -d \
      || echo 'aborted' 

Process ‘wanwakuang` with high process load

I noticed today that my server was very slow. Looking at the running processes, I noted that process wanwakuang and 000000 were going crazy.

process wanwakuang caused the load to go very high

Searching wanwakuang on Google did not yield much results, but this article on HackerNews was very helpful: https://translate.google.com/translate?sl=auto&tl=en&u=http://hackernews.cc/archives/34789

Appearently wanwakuang is a mining process.

However, I could not find the binary on my system. My server is only running Docker containers, so probably one of the containers was at fault.

To find the docker container with the exploit, I executed the command:

$ find /var/lib/docker -type f -name wanwakuang
/var/lib/docker/overlay2/1752e86653539d82b50cf24c3d3f69b203fe059ca1650447016ca69033d468bf/diff/root/.configrc/a/wanwakuang
/var/lib/docker/overlay2/1752e86653539d82b50cf24c3d3f69b203fe059ca1650447016ca69033d468bf/diff/tmp/.W10-unix/.rsync/a/wanwakuang
/var/lib/docker/overlay2/1752e86653539d82b50cf24c3d3f69b203fe059ca1650447016ca69033d468bf/merged/root/.configrc/a/wanwakuang
/var/lib/docker/overlay2/1752e86653539d82b50cf24c3d3f69b203fe059ca1650447016ca69033d468bf/merged/tmp/.W10-unix/.rsync/a/wanwakuang

To find out which Docker container was attached to this overlay, I issued this command I found on stackoverflow:

$ docker inspect $(docker ps -qa) \
  | jq -r 'map([.Name, .GraphDriver.Data.MergedDir]) \
  | .[] | "(.[0])\t(.[1])"' \
  | grep '1752e86653539d82b50cf24c3d3f69b203fe059ca1650447016ca69033d468bf'

Knowing the name I could terminate the container. It was being used for SSH and could be removed.

Debugging cron on Docker

I had the issue of cronjobs not working (correctly) on my Docker instances.

This is what I did to fix it:

  1. Set correct permissions: chmod 0600 /etc/cron.d/cronjob
  2. Set correct owner: chown root /etc/cron.d/cronjob

When it failed, I could not find the logs of why it failed.
In order to see the output of the failed cronjobs, I installed postfix (because the output of cronjobs is being mailed) and I installed rsyslog

  1. Install postfix:
    apt-get update; apt-get install -y postfix; mkfifo /var/spool/postfix/public/pickup; service postfix restart
  2. Install rsyslog:
    apt-get update; apt-get install -y rsyslog; rsyslogd &

Now, whenever a cronjob failed, I could find output in either two locations:

  1. In the syslog: /var/log/syslog
  2. In the mail sent to root: /var/mail/root

CakePHP SplFileInfo::openFile(../tmp/cache/..) failed to open stream: Permission denied

You need to configure CakePHP to create the cachefiles with the right permissions.

You do this with setting 'mask' => 0666 in file app.php for the Cache setting:

// file src/config/app.php (AND app.default.php!)
...
    /**
     * Configure the cache adapters.
     */
    'Cache' => [
        'default' => [
            'className' => 'Cake\Cache\Engine\FileEngine',
            'path' => CACHE,
            'url' => env('CACHE_DEFAULT_URL', null),
            'mask' => 0666,
        ],

        ...

       '_cake_core_' => [
            'mask' => 0666,
            ...
        ],
       '_cake_model_' => [
            'mask' => 0666,
            ...
        ],
       '_cake_routes_' => [
            'mask' => 0666,
            ...
        ],

        ...

Docker Ubuntu cron doesn’t work

Most probably:

  • cron service is not running
  • your cron-file in /etc/cron.d is not in file mode 0600
  • your cron-file in /etc/cron.d is not owned by root

To fix the above:

service cron start
chmod 0600 /etc/cron.d/<your file>
chown root /etc/cron.d/<your file>

If that does not work, install rsyslog on your container and debug:

apt-get update; apt-get install -y rsyslog
rsyslogd

Now keep track of your /var/log/syslog file. It will log all issues it receives from cron.

I found the answer here: https://stackoverflow.com/a/33734915

Install Docker on Ubuntu 20.04

That’s an easy and quick think to do!

sudo apt update
sudo apt install docker.io

# start docker now, and on system reboot
sudo systemctl start docker
sudo systemctl enable docker

# check the version
docker --version
  Docker version 19.03.8, build afacb8b7f0

Don’t forget to add your user to the docker group, otherwise you’ll get permission denied errors

docker ps
  Got permission denied while trying to connect to the Docker daemon socket at unix:///var/run/docker.sock: Get http://%2Fvar%2Frun%2Fdocker.sock/v1.40/containers/json: dial unix /var/run/docker.sock: connect: permission denied

To add your account to the docker group:

sudo usermod -a -G docker paul

Don’t forget to logout and login again!

Typescript: Not all constituents of type ‘boolean | (() => void)’ are callable

The full error:

This expression is not callable.  Not all constituents of type 'boolean | (() => void)' are callable.    Type 'false' has no call signatures.  TS2349

This is the code that was triggering the error:

export const useLoading = (defaultValue: boolean = false) => {
    const [loading, setLoading ] = useState(defaultValue)

    const startLoading = () => setLoading(true)
    const stopLoading = () => setLoading(false)

    return [
        loading,
        startLoading,
        stopLoading
    ]
}

CAUSE: the return of the array. Having arrays without a specific type gave me this error as wel: Line 0: Parsing error: : Cannot read property ‘map’ of undefined. The solution was to typehint the array.

SOLUTION: don’t return the array just like that, add ‘as const` at the end of that return statement.

export const useLoading = (defaultValue: boolean = false) => {
    const [loading, setLoading ] = useState(defaultValue)

    const startLoading = () => setLoading(true)
    const stopLoading = () => setLoading(false)

    return [
        loading,
        startLoading,
        stopLoading
    ] as const
}

This is the post that showed me where to find it: https://github.com/microsoft/TypeScript/issues/35423

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